Before visiting Valencia, Spain, it’s important to first understand the city’s history. Valencia’s history may not center on events that are world-changing, but nevertheless its more than 2000 years of history make up of culture, architecture, and dramatic and fascinating stories worth sharing.
The history of the city dates back in the 138 BC. During this time, the peninsula of Iberia was part of the Roman Empire’s massive possession. Valencia is a city that belonged to Edetania, a province during
the ancient days. The first inhabitants of the city are the Iberians. The Greeks, Muslims, Visigoths, and Romans were also among its settlers. The latter were however those who had the greatest influence. Manifestations of this are still present when you visit Valencia. Some of these are famous structures in the city (such as the Cathedral) which have very Romanesque designs.
In the early 15th century, Valencia became Spanish colonists’ New World and had its Golden Age. – It became one of Europe’s richest, most dynamic and populous cities. However, when the Counter-Reformation was launched by the Catholic Church in the 16th Century against movements of Protestants, the city was among that became the battlefields.
Valencia kicked off the 20th Century well, however, the city’s luck ran dry when it sided with the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War in 1936; a side that lost in the war that lasted for three years. As a result, the city had to suffer under Nationalist General, Francisco Franco. It was during this period that Valencian was prohibited to be taught and spoken.
Making things worse, the city terribly suffered when the Turia River flooded, with water level reaching 5 meters in some of Valencia’s streets. Leaving a lot of damages in the city, it was decided to re-route the river which now passes around Western and Southern suburbs of Valencia.
Valencia regained its democracy in 1975 when Gen. Franco died and Juan Carlos, Alfonso XII’s son, was crowned as Spain’s new king. And since the start of the 18th Century, Valencia has once again enjoyed its autonomy. In 1983, the first elections were held in the city.
With a very long history and having been oppressed for 35 years, the City of Valencia has now become a prospering community and blossoming center of industry, commerce, and tourism. Tourists will have a lot to enjoy and experience as they travel to Valencia and sign up in one of those tours.